The Key Research
A Study of the Development Strategy for the Urban Agglomeration in Henan Province, China
Accomplished in 2005 by Professor Feng Dexian
Imagine a place where great minds of every generation come to reflect on the critical problems of our time. A place where rising stars and distinguished scholars from many fields collaborate in unexpected ways. A place where innovative thinkers step outside the boundaries, challenge old assumptions, and seek answers to questions that will change the world in which we live.
This is such a place
A city is a piece of space that is created by man to satisfy his own needs of survival and development, where the economic and social activities are densely concentrated. With the development of the market economy and the advancement of the industrialization and urbanization, the structure, function and geographical scale of this piece of space have been changing continuously under the interaction of the agglomeration and dispersion, resulting in the two transformations: (1) the divarication into the amalgamation for the relationship of city and countryside, and (2) the independent development into the dependent development for the development style of several different towns. Therefore, in some regions with good geographical and environmental conditions, the urban agglomeration has been formed, which is highly industrialized and urbanized. Because the central part of China is one of the places where the Chinese civilization has originated, the geographical and historical conditions are very distinctive with its rapid development after the great reform in China, the urban agglomeration in Henan province has been constructed, the center of which is Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan province, surrounded by the other cities: Luoyang, Kaifeng, Xingxiang, Jiaozuo, Xucang, Luohe, Pingdingshan and Jiyuan. From the scientific viewpoints, it will have made a lot of strategic sense to speed up the development of the urban agglomeration in Henan that will promote the development of Henan province and optimize the urban structures of China.
· The technology guideline and research content
1. The technology guideline
(1) The development background
(2) The determination of the size of the research area
A. The economic circle with one and half hour
B. The breakpoint theory
C. The administration region planning theory
(3) The current situation and advantage/disadvantage
(4) The development strategy design
A. The whole layout
B. The industrial development layout
(5) The spatial layout
A. The formation background
B. The industrial axis
C. The three circles
(6) The development strategy of the central city
A. Choice and location
B. The development strategy of Zhengzhou
C. To strengthen the organizing force of the central city
(7) A study of the driving force
A. The concept of driving force for the urban agglomeration
B. The mechanism of driving force
C. The analysis of the mechanism of driving force
D. The consideration about strengthening the mechanism of driving force
(8) The relationship of competition and cooperation and the strategy of “a whole thing”
A. The relationship of competition and cooperation for Zhengzhou and Luoyang (The industrial corridor of Zhengzhou and Luoyang)
B. The relationship of competition and cooperation for Zhengzhou and Kaifeng (Zhengzhou and Kaifeng as “a whole thing”)
C. The relationship of competition and cooperation for Zhengzhou, Xinxiang and Jiaozuo (the development region along the Yellow River)
D. To put Zhengzhou and the other cities together as “a whole thing” to construct the relationship of competition and cooperation.
(9) The supports from the resources and environment
(10) The countermeasures
2. The research content
We study the development background of the urban agglomeration in Henan, from the five points: (1) the situation of the urban agglomeration development all over the world, (2) the urban agglomeration development in China, (3) the economic growing up strategy for the central part of China, (4) the demands for centralizing the heavy industries and other industries, and (5) the demands for improving the ability of Henan province to compete in the field of regional development. At the same time, the margin of the time and space is determined by using 3 ways: (1) the economic circle with one and half hour, (2) the breakpoint theory, and (3) the administration region planning theory, so the region of the urban agglomeration in Henan is appropriate. Based on this, we analyze the current situation and advantage/disadvantage of the urban agglomeration in Henan.
According to the whole and industrial development layout of the urban agglomeration in Henan, it is put forward that we should deploy the key industries, processing industries for agricultural products, processing industries for energy and raw material, advanced producing industries, Hi-tech industries and modern service industries. By introducing the methods of GIS and industrial strip analysis into the research of the development space layout of the urban agglomeration in Henan, we point out that there will be three industrial strips from east to west in the area of the urban agglomeration in Henan and the modes of circles and developmental axis for the industrial layout will appear, and then discuss the industrial axis development of the agglomeration from the four aspects: (1) To strengthen the Longhai east-to-west producing industry as the major industrial axis; (2) To stably improve the industrial strip of energy, material, electronics for the cities of Xinxiang, Jiaozuo and Jiyuan (the transitional industrial strip on the mountainous and plain region in front of the Taihang Mountain); (3) To rapidly cultivate the industrial strip of food, electronic and electrical appliance, and light industry for Luoyang and Luohe, and (4) to motivate the function of the south-to-north development axis along the Jinguang railway line; at the same time, analyze the three large circles (city circle, tight circle and radiate circle).
By choosing and locating the central city (Zhengzhou and Luoyang as the first and second center respectively) and studying the development strategy of Zhengzhou, we point out that it is necessary to build a big Zhengzhou, the large industries, the advanced producing industries, the logistics industries, and the financial center; at the same time, we point out the major ways of strengthening the organizing force of the central cities. In the research of the driving force for the urban agglomeration development of Henan, in terms of the concept of driving force from the urban agglomeration and the dynamic mechanism of the urban agglomeration formation, after analyzing the motive mechanism of the urban agglomeration development, some consideration appears on how to strengthen the driving force mechanism. The urban agglomeration of Henan can promote the competitive ability of the node cities which compete and collaborate each other, and at last realize the whole development. Therefore, we chiefly discuss the following points: (1) the competition and collaboration of Zhengzhou and Luoyang to construct the industrial corridor along the two cities; (2) the competition and collaboration of Zhengzhou and Kaifeng to realize the whole development for the two cities; (3) the competition and collaboration of Zhengzhou, Xinxiang and Jiaozuo (the development across the Yellow River); (4) the competition and collaboration of Zhengzhou and the other cities (the whole development as one thing for all these cities). Later, from the environmental capacity and ecological construction, resources support, and infrastructure construction, we also discuss the resources and environmental support for the urban agglomeration development of Henan.
Finally, some methods are given to speed up the development of the urban agglomeration of Henan according to the following aspects: (1) to adhere to a whole planning in order to develop harmoniously; (2) to get rid of the obstacles of the old system to promote the city development at a low cost; (3) to cultivate the industrial groups to increase the regional competitive ability; (4) to create new financing mechanisms to guarantee the capital for the infrastructure construction; (5) to be more liberal to greatly improve the non public-owned economy; (6) to be wholly open to the outside of our country to construct the active open economic zones; (7) to improve the governmental service to reduce the commercial cost; (8) to have the scientific developmental viewpoint to carry out the sustainable development strategy; (9) to implement the land policies to guarantee the land for construction; (10) to implement the policies for the persons with ability to gather and be shared; and (11) to implement the space management policies.
· The features and innovative ideas
1. The region determination for the urban agglomeration of Henan. The margins of the time and space are determined by using 3 ways: (1) the economic circle with one and half hour, (2) the breakpoint theory, and (3) the administration region planning theory
2. The space layout research into the urban agglomeration development of Henan.
3. The development strategy of the central city.
4. The strategy research into the competition and collaboration of the cities in the urban agglomeration of Henan and the whole development as one thing.
·The prospect and some improvements
The development strategy of the urban agglomeration of Henan has been included in the growing up strategy of the central part of China, which can help design a good and proper layout and optimize the development for the central part and even the whole country. At the same time, the result of thisresearch was adopted by the government of Henan, so it will promote the whole, harmonious and sustainable development of the regional economy of Henan and even the growing up of the central part of China while it can also be used for reference by the other urban agglomeration in the Midwest China.
Next, we will refine the indexes, enrich the data, improve the graphs, and study the central cities more carefully.
In conclusion, with plentiful and accurate data, clear viewpoint, scientific methods, and good theories, the result of this research can be easily operated, speed up the whole construction of the urban agglomeration of Henan, and drive the rapid healthy development of the regional economy of Henan. Compared to the similar research in China, our research work is excellent. (GIS) (notices)